Uganda is bordered by Kenya in the east, South Sudan in the north, DRC in the west, Rwanda in the South West and Tanzania in the south. It is also known as the pearl of Africa.
The country has mostly flat topography with an average altitude of 1000m ASL in most of its regions. there is a remarkable biological and physical diversity as a result of the strategic location on the great African plateau.
Uganda is gifted with water bodies which cover 26% of the total surface of the country with lake Victoria being the largest lake in Uganda and Africa. Uganda is also home to River Nile which is the longest river in the world.
CLIMATE IN UGANDA
Uganda has an average temperature of about 26 -29 degrees in the day and as low as 16 – 20 degrees at night. The hottest month is usually January, February and December but this can always change. Most areas in uganda receive annual rainfall apart from the northern part of the country which receives as low as 100mm. The rainy season is usually September – November and March to May
UGANDA’S POPULATION, LANGUAGE AND CULTURE
Uganda’s population is estimated to be around 33 million people with more than 60% of the population living in the villages or rural areas of the country. Majority of the population are agriculturalist. The most dominant ethnic group are the Bantu and the most strong of all are the Baganda who inhabit in the central region of the country. The other groups include the Bakiga in the south western part of the country, the Banyoro and Batooro.
Other tribes in Uganda include the Bagisu settled at the foothills of Mount Elgon are also another major ethnic Bantu group that inhabit one of Uganda’s large town of Mbale. Agriculture is major activity and the main language spoken is Lumasaba quite related to some languages in Kenya. However there are also other Bantu-speaking groups in this area like the Bagwere, Banyole, Basamia and many others.
UGANDA’S TOURISM AND NATIONAL PARKS
Uganda is named the Pearl of Africa because of it’s a unique natural destination as compared to other African countries basically because of its large forested area composed of national parks and wildlife reserves giving home to a large numbers of primates including chimpanzees, gorillas, monkeys, butterflies and birds. Uganda’s national parks offer a variety of wildlife which includes – Lions, buffalo, elephant, leopard, giraffe and other several species of animals not found anywhere in Africa.
The country comprises of 10 national parks with a number of wildlife and forest reserves. Uganda’s national parks include Bwindi national park, Mgahinga national park, Semliki, Queen Elizabeth, Budongo, Kanyiyo and Pabidi forest reserves, Murchison falls national park and several others.
Uganda is also blessed with water bodies including – Lake Victoria, Kyoga, Albert, Edward and several crater lakes especially around the Rwenzori foothills. The existence of such water bodies facilitates a relatively moist climate, with the countryside greener and fertile compared to the semi-desert northern part of Uganda. Around these water bodies are different bird species not easily found anywhere in Africa especially the papyrus gonolek and the shoebill.