How do Chimpanzee adapt to the environment? : Chimpanzees are human’s close cousins sharing about 98% of blood DNA. They live in areas of tropical forests in east, west and central Africa. Other chimpanzees occupy open grasslands, mountain regions, and deciduous woodland. They prefer spending most of their time in areas that bear tree fruits since it is their favorite food. They also feed on leaves and when they change their diet, they feed on termites and ants. On rare occasions, they hunt big animals that they feed on.

Chimpanzees, therefore, can be located in countries like Uganda, Rwanda, Tanzania, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Central African Republic, Burundi and Sudan. In all these countries, one is easily able to trek and see chimpanzees in Uganda in various places such as Kibale national park in the west, Budongo forest reserve in north-west, Kyambura gorge in the west, and Kalinzu forest reserve in southwest. You can also find chimpanzees at Uganda wildlife education Centre in Entebbe and Ngamba Island chimpanzee sanctuary.

Like all other animals, chimpanzees tend to adapt to their environment in different ways. Adaptation can be defined as behaviors that help animals to survive in a specific habitat and these can be physical characteristics like body parts such as legs, arms, or even their fur. Below are some of the adaptations of these chimpanzees.

How do Chimpanzee adapt to the environment?
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To begin with, one of the adaptations is the opposable thumbs that help them to hold on to tree branches while climbing. They also help them to move between trees, the four long figures, and an opposable thumb. The broad, hard soles facilitate the chimps to walk on two legs/feet. On top of that, the chimps use opposable thumbs in using tools like sticks and stones for extracting termites and cracking nuts respectively. Other chimpanzees use leaves to wipe themselves as toilet papers.

The facial muscles that enable them to make expressions is another adaptation, chimpanzees are known to have the best non-verbal communication skills by use of their face. As well, they have strong arms that help them swing on tree branches and their shoulders are designed to facilitate such acts of swinging through the tree branches quite easily, How do Chimpanzee adapt to the environment?.

Another adaptation can be the sharp canine teeth that are seen when they are scaring other animals or responding to any kind of threat. This is an act of defense that is displayed in case of seeming attacks from enemies, they are also used to tear the prey such as birds, pigs, deer, and rodents among others. This, therefore, acts as a knife for the chimpanzees making their life easy.

Another interesting adaptation is that they build their nests on top of trees where they spend only a night. They use twigs, leaves, and tree branches, this act of building a new nest every day on the treetops is a sign of security from enemies like predators. New nests are constructed every evening.

Chimpanzees live in large groups which means that they are social animals; and so they easily defend themselves against predators and other enemies, searching for food becomes easier and protection of their territory. They stay in one place for a short time and after they change to another location in one territory.

How do Chimpanzee adapt to the environment?
How do Chimpanzee adapt to the environment?

Chimpanzees also use herbal plants like warburgia ugandensis to get rid of parasites in their stomach and ease digestion. They also use their large brain to make the right decision-making. The neuron in their brain is so special that they use to make tools and follow instructions.

The sensory adaptations of smell, hearing, seeing among others make it easy to search for food and to become aware of predators. This means that they have high sense organs.

There are more adaptations of Chimpanzees more than what is listed above, visit Uganda for more details and information about these endangered apes.

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