Mount Kilimanjaro packing list

Mount Kilimanjaro packing list : If you are looking for a reliable packing list for your Mount Kilimanjaro hike, prepared with the right balance of essentials while maintaining a manageable bag weight. Below are some of the items you need keep in mind before you climb Mount Kilimanjaro in the run-up to your expedition.

Bags to carry

Organised trips to Mount Kilimanjaro come with a large team of people including guides and cooks, and porters to carry your main bag as well as tents, kitchen equipment, food, fuel, tables and chairs. While this makes it easier for you to conserve energy and focus on reaching the summit successfully, it does mean that there is a weight limit to stick to.  It’s also important to be very aware of the welfare of porters during your climb, so not over-packing is very important.

Porters are not allowed to carry more than 20kg in total and this allowance needs to include space for their own belongings. So make sure your bag does not exceed the weight of 15kg. The Chagga porters carry bags on their heads, so no hard cases please. Note that bags will go into another large sack which the porters carry, in order to protect your bag further from the elements. The bags that you carry every day on your back must have room for essentials such as water bottles, spare layers and waterproofs, camera etc. Other information you need to know about

Duffle bag – Merino is a natural fibre which is naturally odour-resistant, moisture-wicking, insulates when wet, and dries fast. It is soft and comfortable against the skin and not too hot in warm temperatures. Synethic (mix of nyon and spandex) is also soft, comfortable, breathable and fast drying and cheaper than merino. Consider a fitted style like hipster or bikini brief which won’t ride up or chafe. For men, the same principle applies and best to avoid loose shorts which can bunch up.

Dry bags – Make sure all your contents are wrapped in waterproof bags to keep them dry. Use them also to store used clothes during the trek. We have various sizes for rent.

Waterproof bag covers – these are additional waterproof sacks in case of rain but make sure you bring a cover for your day pack

Travel bag – Bring yet other bag or case to leave in the hotel with your travel clothes inside. Some people use this as their hold bag and then transfer the Kilimanjaro clothes and kit to a rented duffle when they arrive

Sleeping Equipment

Your choice of sleeping bag and sleep accessories will depend on your personal needs and preferences. We will provide 2 inch foam covered mattresses to sleep on 3 Season sleeping bags are sufficient for the warmer months but if you get cold easily, and especially during the colder months around October through the New Year it’s better to upgrade to a 4 season sleeping bag or use a 3 season bag with a fleece liner. We rent out sleeping bags which are 4 season bags rated to minus 5C, which come with cotton liners to keep the bag clean

Sleeping bag and sleeping bag liner – Liners provide added warmth and a good fleece one will convert a 3 season bag to a 4 season bag. Silk is also warm and less bulky. We also recommend a cotton liner to keep your sleeping bag clean.

Mount Kilimanjaro Packing list

Sleeping pads/mats – These are not required for Kilimanjaro, but are an option for those who desire extra insulation for their sleeping bag. The foam mattresses we provide do work, but obviously an extra layer of insulation is that much warmer and more comfortable. Inflatable Thermarests or lightweight Exped mats are fine but they tend to slide over the mattress, so a closed cell camping mat is actually the best.

Travel pillow – Pillows are very useful and the soft ones are easily packed small, or else make a pillow out of your clothing.

However, you can rent a large selection of equipment which are provided on arrival at the hotel. This includes sleeping bags with cotton liners, two sizes of duffle bags, assorted sizes of dry bags, rucksack covers, trekking poles, waterproof tops and bottoms, gaiters, gloves and mitts, ponchos and umbrellas.

Hiking clothing

Due to Kilimanjaro’s altitude, the mountain creates its own micro-climate above the cloud level which is cold and very changeable. You are exposed to the elements at all times and your body will experience quite a big daily temperature range, from 18 degrees Celsius  in the rainforest to minus 5 degrees Celsius on the summit, which can easily be lower with wind. Having the right clothing is essential and the trick is to use a system layers that can be added or removed as conditions change. Every day will require a slight change to your clothing, adding warmer layers, gloves and hats as you go higher.

Sleeping clothes – You are likely to want to go to the toilet at night and wear something in the sleeping bag, but keep it lightweight and not too tight. Remember sleeping bags are designed to work best without wearing layers or socks, but a T-shirt and leggings or thermals bottoms will be fine. If you do get cold then put your day sack between the end of the sleeping bag and the tent wall, and wear a hat.

Waterproof/ windproof jacket and trousers  – choose a breathable outer ‘shell’ layer like goretex as this will help to wick out any moisture and keep you dry inside. Make sure it has a hood and that you can fit your other layers of fleece and lightweight down underneath comfortably

Down jacket / thick fleece – A down jacket or a thick fleece is essential for summit night and for the evenings. If you take a lightweight down jacket then you will probably need a fleece jacket as well (plus the outer shell over the top). Remember that synthetic down remains warm if it’s damp or wet and is probably the better option.

Mid layer fleeces / jumpers – You will need a mid-layer fleece or equivalent jumper for use over T-shirts and under the jacket. One or two will be enough.

Base layer – Base layers or thermals are lightweight and add a vital warm layer on cold evenings and summit night. Women bring leggings too which are also good for the first few days walking

Trekking trousers/shorts – Good quality walking trousers, preferably made of a quick dry material. Remember cotton does not dry quickly and jeans are not good for mountain hiking. Many trekking trousers have zips to convert into shorts, or take a separate pair of shorts for the forest stage. One or two pairs will be enough.

Good quality walking trousers preferably made of a quick dry material. Remember cotton does not dry quickly and jeans are not good for mountain hiking. Many trekking trousers have zips to convert into shorts, or take a separate pair of shorts for the forest stage. One or two pairs will be enough.

Trekking tops or t-shirts – Two or three trekking shirts or tops for the first few days is best recommended, avoiding cotton. T-shirts and sports tops also work but will probably need a fleece layer on top for when you stop. Choose short or long sleeved.

Underwear – It’s best to have a clean pair every day. Cotton will get damp and uncomfortable so opt for synthetic or merino wool and remember a dry bag to keep used clothes inside your

Insulated gloves/ liner gloves and mitts Fleece gloves, preferably with a waterproof outer, and thin inner gloves are both essential for climbing Kilimanjaro, but on summit night a pair of mitts are best for keeping hands warm. We rent out waterproof gloves and fleece gloves.


Looking after your feet is important for mountain climbs. The right care and preparation will save you from pain and blisters, so cut your nails before setting off and keep feet clean and dry. Foot talcum powder is quite good; remember to wash it off at the end of the day. Take some blister pads just in case and change socks every day.

Walking boots – Leather boots are best, make sure they are well covered in dubbin to keep the water out. Fabric boots will get wet if it rains heavily but the Gore-Tex lined ones will stay dry in a shower. Boots should have proper ankle support and have a stiff midsole so the boot doesn’t bend too much. Remember also that your feet will swell at altitude and after a day’s walking so check first that you have some space for movement at home with your summit socks on.

Spare laces and foot bed – The terrain is quite unforgiving on Kilimanjaro so do bring spare boot laces. Also if your feet do get damp then one option is to put in a spare dry foot bed the next morning

Trekking socks – Trekking socks for the early days will be fine – one pair per day for the first 5 days- but for the summit night a woollen mix is warmest, but check they fit comfortably in your boot with no tightness. Socks can be long or short.

Camp footwear – change out of boots when you get to camp and let them air out. Bring a pair of camp shoes such as trainers or lightweight walking shoes or sandals. You will also use these for toilet visits at night.

Headgears or Eye wear

We lose half of our body heat through our heads, so keeping your head warm while trekking Kilimanjaro is essential. On the flipside, there’s also risk of sunstroke and sunburn with the intense rays at high altitudes. Some of the items top pack include;

Buff/ scarf – The Buff is universal on treks. While climbing, it is very useful to protect the face from sun and dust and wind. Buff or scarfs can be made of stretchy thin material or fleece. You can use a scarf or snood equally well.

Sunglasses – Eye protection is vital, as the Ultraviolet rays are particularly strong even in cloud. UV400 sunglasses are a must and try to take pairs that have side protection. Be careful of prescription glasses that change colour, they normally do not provide enough Ultraviolet protection and the lenses often aren’t big enough to prevent the rays getting into the eyes.

Wide brimmed sun hat – One of the biggest risks of climbing Kilimanjaro is exposure to the sun and possible heat stroke through the top of the head. A sun hat must be worn at all times if it’s sunny and if it has a brim all the better to protect the back of your neck.

Insulated hat – When the weather turns cold you’ll need to keep the heat in your body with a warm thermal hat. Make sure it covers your ears and isn’t too tight.

Ear plugs – Optional for music fans who like to zone out to their favourite album or doze off to podcasts at night, but also very useful against the noises of other hikers who snore

Contact lenses – You can wear contact lenses on Kilimanjaro without any problem, the altitude and low pressure will not affect the fit of your lenses. The biggest issue is hygiene and handling the lenses in a tent, and also dryness of the eye caused by the wind and dry air. Dailies are easier but take saline drops as well as your usual cleaning liquids, and your glasses.

Personal Hygiene

Wask kit – There are no permanent showers or bathing facilities on Mount Kilimanjaro but a bowl of hot water is available at camps for washing your face and hands. For larger groups, we can provide a shower tent with a bag of water warmed up by the sun. You can also ask the guides to provide a bowl of hot water for a wash in your tent. Some of the items include;

  • Toothbrush and travel size toothpaste
  • Small bar of soap, preferably biodegradable, this is not provided
  • Dry shampoo is useful; we recommend Batiste travel sized cans
  • Nail brush – a lot of the campsites are muddy and dusty
  • Small hair brush – your hair will get matted and tangled
  • Face flannel – quick dry travel towel material
  • Small towel – one for perspiration and another for drying face and hands. Bar towel size.
  • Hand sanitiser gel
  • Moisturising cream – your skin will get very dry in the thin air at altitude. Coconut oil is hydrating and anti-microbial
  • Natural Skin Care for cracked hands and feet, insect bites, sunburn or blisters – Green Goo is an excellent plant-based salve
  • Face wipes – preferably biodegradable, we recommend Simple or Rawganic, or re-usable ones like Helen Round
  • Lip balm with SPF25 protection – Carmex is excellent
  • Deodorant – natural aluminium-free brands include Crystal, Native, Each and Every. Crystal is a salt based stick that kills the bacteria that make you stink without all of the nasty stuff that is found in chemical based deodorants.
  • Tweezers, cotton buds -not essential
  • Tissues – aloe Vera travel pack

Extras for men may include; small mirror, razor and shaving cream – Elemis shave gel has aloe Vera and witch hazel to help with your skin after a day in the sun and wind
Pee bottle – useful but takes some practise, use hard plastic bottle well marked.

Extras for women: Pee cloth is useful, we recommend Kula cloth. Feminine wipes – a natural wipe like Swipes or Wipes. Menstrual cup – these silicone cups can stay in for up to 12 hours without odour or discomfort and are re-usable. Organi Cup is certified​ ​hypoallergenic​ ​and​ ​toxin-free

Repair Kits

Be prepared for small repairs during your trip, from tears in jackets to jammed zips, the smallest issues can be an annoyance. Repair kits give you peace of mind and can come in handy in many situations.

  • Gaffer tape – A small roll handy for rips and tears
  • Multi-tool – The pliers help with stuck or broken zips
  • Safety pins and cable ties – Useful to pin a jacket together if the zip is completely broken


There are no charging facilities on the mountain so come prepared to be self-sufficient with power. Some of gadgets include;

Head torch and spare batteries – This is essential for the summit night when you need your hands free for scrambling or using poles and also for going to the loo at night. There are many types available but something like the Tikka A would be adequate. Have one complete spare set of batteries for summit night

GPS/altimeter – This is optional but very useful for tracking your progress. Some people use a satellite tracking device called a SPOT so people can follow their route at home.

Most people use smartphones nowadays but they are difficult to handle with gloves unless you have a selfie stick. A digital camera will provide better pictures and a lightweight tripod is useful for night shots. Take spare SD cards and a spare battery pack, they do lose power quickly in the cold

Smartphone and apps – Smartphones are very useful for apps on the mountain and taking pictures, but there is only limited phone signal and no data signal at the time of writing. A Tanzanian SIM card will be cheaper to use. Some interesting websites with apps:

Power pack – There are no charging stations on Kilimanjaro so bringing a small power pack with USB cables is the smart thing to do, especially since phone and camera batteries tend to die quite quickly in the cold.

First Aid

The guides carry an extensive first aid kit, a mountain shelter, oxygen bottles and masks and stretchers on every climb. There are literately various drugs and also high altitude sickness for you to read. However you should still carry a personal first aid kit for minor complaints.

Personal medication – Anti-malarial tablets although  you don’t need to take these on the mountain as there are no mosquitoes up high are a general antibiotic for a bacterial infection, Imodium or Lomita for diarrhoea, inhalers if you use them, and painkillers for headaches (Tylenol, ibuprofen for example). Also take throat pastilles for the inevitable dry throat

Altitude drugs – these are available in medical kits provided and our guides know how to diagnose and administer them, but you may want to bring your own. These are prescription drugs and they do have side effects. There are three drugs that are used for high altitude sickness and it is vital you read the information we provide about each of them. Diamox (acetazolamide) is the most commonly known and it does help as a preventive treatment for Altitude Mountain Sickness but only if mountaineering principles are followed, namely keep a slow pace. Dexamethasone is effective for preventing and treating AMS and HACE and prevents HAPE as well. And nifedipine, by reducing pulmonary arterial pressure, is effective in treating HAPE (pulmonary oedema).

Please note that in the case of serious altitude sickness the guides will effect immediate descent, night or day, and use all the facilities at their disposal to get a person to safety, including a helicopter service, rescue cars, stretchers and a well-established Ranger network.

Oral rehydration sachets / Nuum – Essential for replacing the salts in your body that are lost whilst hiking and getting dehydrated at high altitude. Nuum are tablets that you mix with water to help with salts and energy.

Plasters, bandages and zinc oxide tape – Plasters will be very useful for any cracked skin and small cuts, a bandage with tape for something worse. Compeed blister pads for your feet, plus a good quality tape to cover over hot spots if necessary

Antiseptic cream and wipes is mainly for small cuts and grazes. Keep small wounds clean and when possible air them out

Eye drops – Dry tired eyes is common and eye drops are very useful, or a small eye bath. Dust can get everywhere too, so the drops can help with irritation.

Sun cream – Sun burn is a serious risk at high altitude, so make sure you bring a strong factor sun block. To avoid having to reapply, choose a long-lasting, waterproof one. P20 is a good choice which doesn’t run


Water bottle – Make sure you have a bottle as you’ll need to stay hydrated. Platypus or camelbacks are fine too, but the tubes may freeze on summit day and must be insulated. Note that disposable plastic bottles are now illegal on Kilimanjaro and will attract a fine from the Rangers.

  • Thermal flask – you will want a hot drink to keep warm and hydrated. The guides carry large thermos flasks but you may want to bring a half litre or one litre flask of your own. We rent these out.
  • Umbrella -These are very useful on the first day in the forest if it is raining hard and too hot to wear waterproofs, and on the second day if there is no wind. Higher up on windless sunny days they are again useful. We rent out large good quality umbrellas
  • Trekking poles – These are very useful but especially for the descent which is on loose scree. Anyone worried about their knees should take a pair, preferably with suspension. We rent out poles from Moshi.
  • Hand warmers – Ideal for those who have poor circulation or get cold easily. The charcoal ones that react with oxygen don’t work as well because of the high altitude and lack of oxygen in the air, but they are certainly useful for your hands inside your mitts on summit night.
  • Microfiber travel towel – Lightweight and dries quickly. This is optional
  • Padlock – The best padlocks are protected by security code rather than key
  • Plug adaptor with 2 pin round.
  • Toilet roll – We do provide toilet rolls but you may wish to bring your own. If you do then please bring recycled toilet paper and keep it in a plastic bag
  • Mosquito repellent – There are almost no mosquitos on Kilimanjaro due to the height above sea level. However, there are mosquitos in Tanzania so repellent sprays are recommended for when you first arrive and finishing descending.
  • Reading book or games – There will be time to relax in the evenings, so bring a book or kindle, a deck of cards or a small game

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